The immigration topic is also close to my heart. My paternal grandfather immigrated to the U.S. on the S.S. Friedrich der Grosse sailing from Palermo 18 March 1911 and arrived at the Port of New York on 31 March 1911. Fourteen nights in the steerage compartment must have been quite an ordeal for a four year old child traveling with his mother, his older sister and his younger brother.
My Sicilian great grandfather had been across the sea several times prior to making the decision to bring his family across the Atlantic Ocean to reside with him in Omaha, Nebraska. A colony of worker bees from the Sicilian hill towns of Carlentini and Lentini had formed in Omaha. The construction, railroad and meat packing industries of Iowa and Nebraska needed cheap labor. Sicilians and most other immigrants traveled together in small kinship groups of friends, neighbors and family.
- 1820-1880: About ten million immigrants most from northern Europe, the British Isles, and Scandinavia
- 1840-1850: Dramatic increase in the number of immigrants from Germany and Ireland
- 1847: Nine percent of passengers headed to U.S. died; State of New York converts Castle Garden into receiving station to protect immigrants from swindlers
- 1880-1900: Nine million immigrants entered U.S. which was largest number in any 20 year period
This lecture will include case studies on how to find the greatest possible information from immigration records. My paternal grandmother's ancestors came to the U.S. from Liverpool in 1837. James McCrory was born in Ireland in 1814 but worked as a tailor probably in Manchester in County Lancashire prior to his marriage there in 1834. His wife was Sarah Lee, the daughter of an innkeeper from Newton le Willows. James and Sarah McCrory were found together on a passenger list immigrating from Liverpool in 1837.
|A portion of the passenger list which shows James and Sarah McRory (AKA McCrory) immigrating from England.|
Ship Name: George Washington
Port of Departure: Liverpool, England
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Arrival Date: 28 Aug 1837
|New York Passenger Lists Database at Ancestry.com|
This filmstrip view allows you to browse all of the ships that arrived in New York on a particular date.
The Bark Harriet shown here only carried three passengers.