|This map of Marion and Washington Counties, KY is especially helpful for locating watercourses.|
Continuing on the the pursuit of Jacob Coffman, I will share the results of my research over the past week. I found a wonderful online article about the value of the tax lists that I highly recommend that you read at the following link:
Here is the information from the first paragraph that I hope will entice you to read further:
TAX LISTS (1792-1840)AN OVERLOOKED RESOURCE FOR KENTUCKY HISTORY & LAND TITLEBy: Kandie Adkinson, Land Office, Ky. Secretary of State
Buried in microfilm cabinets in Kentucky’s research libraries are rolls of microfilm simply labeled “Tax Lists”. Arranged by county in chronological order, tax lists are a hidden treasure for researchers studying Kentucky’s history, culture, and land title. As census information is collected decennially (every 10 years), data derived from the annual collection of taxes provides a better insight into the household of the taxpayer and his/her acquisition of property, both real and personal. Free males 21 years of age or older are enumerated (and named) on tax lists if they own one horse. Women are included on tax lists if they are the head-of-the-household. Free Blacks are named on tax lists decades before the Civil War. The number of livestock and the value of hemp & other agricultural products provide insight into Kentucky’s agrarian society. Thenumber of town lots, wheeled carriages, jewelry, tavern licenses and billiard tables—yes, billiard tables were taxed or the owner faced severe penalties if the tables were not reported—provide insight into Kentucky’s developing society. (It is interesting to note that tax collectors were local residents; would tax payers withhold taxable items to avoid taxation or would they be more likely to report everything so they could be considered “the richest person in the county”?) In later years, the numbers of school age children reported on tax lists are invaluable for researchers tracing the development of Kentucky’s educational system.Now these tax lists are accessible from your home thanks to Family Search. I accessed the tax lists by searching for the county in the FamilySearch.org catalog. Look for the "TAXATION" records then select the original records from the county. Many of the earliest tax lists have been digitized but you my have to order a microfilm.
I recommend that you search for old maps that help to locate watercourses. An especially helpful map for researchers in Washington and Marion Counties of Kentucky is located on the Library of Congress website at the following URL: https://www.loc.gov/resource/g3953m.la000238/ I pasted an image from this web document at the beginning of this article. Even if you are not interested in this particular county, you should check the Library of Congress catalog for similar maps. It is really cool how easy it is to zoom in and out of this map. This particular map shows the residences of landowners that subscribed to the publication in 1877. Marion County was created from Washington County in 1834 so some of the land that appears on the Washington County tax lists between 1792-1833 will be found within the Marion County boundaries.
Here is the results of my research into the tax lists:
|1817 Tax List of Washington County, Kentucky showing Jacob Coffman paid tax on 50 acres.|
- 1806 no land, two mare horses; Abraham Coffman is also listed with no land and five mare horses
- 1808 no Coffmans were listed even though Isaac Coffman was deeded 100 acres of land on Chaplins Fork [now called Chaplin River]
- 1809 no land, one mare horse
- 1816 no land, two mare horses
- 1817 50 acres on Chaplin River entered by Grigsby and survey by Calhoun and one mare horse
Subject: Ward deeds in Washington Co.,Ky
Date: Wed, 29 Sep 1999 23:07:10 EDT
7 March, 1806, Thomas West of the County of Fairfax and State of Virginia as attorney in fact and heir and devisee at law to Thomas West Sr. Decd. sold to James Ward of the County of Washington and State of Kentucky, 150 acres in Washington County for "one Dollar in hand paid". Mentions Nathan Ward's NW corner. Witnesses Wiley Malloney, Nathan Ward and Archable (Archibald)
Deed book C, page 239
7 March 1806, Thomas West of Fairfax etc. (see previous deed) sold to Nathan Ward of the County of Washington and State of Kentucky for "one Dollar in hand paid" 100 acres in Washington County on Chaplins fork being part of Thomas West's 500 acre survey, beginning at James Ward's northeast corner, also mentions "south west corner to James Ward". Witnesses: Archibald Dorethy, Wiley Malloney and Hamilton Freeman.
Deed book C, page 240
7 March 1806, Thomas West, attorney for Thomas West Sr. etc (see book C page 238) sold to Samuel Ward of the County of Washington and State of Kentucky, 150 acres "being part of a tract of land patented in the name of Henry Banks & from him deeded to Thomas West Sen". Mentions William Merideth twice in the land description. Witnesses: Wiley Malloney, Nathan Ward and James Ward.
Note: This deed has been copied (typed), and it appears part of it is missing. The phrase "consideration of the sum of in hand paid" is missing the "sum", and it also does not mention where the land is located. Since William Merideth lived in Washington County, and the deed was recorded in Washington County, it's a good bet that is where this land was located.
I have photocopies of the “Co” section of Maguire’s Index but I should also get copies of the “Ca” and “K” sections just to be sure that Coffman deeds were not under a variant spelling.